Sebastian has a problem. He's in love with a girl but his father won't agree to their marriage. In desperation he turns to the one person who can help him, the fearless and feisty 'roaring girl' Moll Cutpurse.
Dekker and Middleton's rebellious city comedy featuring the cross-dressing Moll Cutpurse was directed by Jo Davies.
The role of Moll, the 'roaring girl' was played by Lisa Dillon. The production played in the Swan Theatre from April to September 2014, part of our Roaring Girl season.
Joe Bannister - Sebastian Wengrave
Ian Bonar - Jack Dapper
Peter Bray - Goshawk
Colin Anthony Brown - Sir Davy Dapper
Faye Castelow - Mary Fitzallard
Keir Charles - Laxton
Liz Crowther - Mistress Tiltyard
Lisa Dillon - Moll
Geoffrey Freshwater - Ralph Trapdoor
Mark Holgate - Gull
Lizzie Hopley - Mrs Gallipot
Joan Iyiola - Moll's Maid
Tony Jayawardena - Mr Openwork
Christopher Middleton - Mr Tiltyard/Neatfoot
Michael Moreland - Cutlass
Ken Nwosu - Hangar
Ian Redford - Sir Guy Fitzallard
David Rintoul - Sir Alexander Wengrave
Timothy Speyer - Mr Gallipot
Harvey Virdi - Mistress Openwork
Director - Jo Davies
Designer - Naomi Dawson
Lighting - Anna Watson
Original Songs - Gary Yershon
Music and Sound - Simon Baker
Movement - Georgina Lamb
Fights - Bret Yount
SYNOPSIS - THE ROARING GIRL
The Roaring Girl is a fictionalized dramatization of the life of Mary Frith, known as 'Moll Cutpurse'.
Sebastian's father, Sir Alex Wengrave refuses to allow his son to marry his love Mary Fitzallard, because her dowry is too small. He threatens to disinherit Sebastian, leaving him with nothing, if he does marry Mary.
Sebastian plans to fool his father into believing that he is in fact in love with the notorious thief Moll Cutpurse, hoping that, ultimately, his father will see Mary as the more preferable daughter in law.
Sir Wengrave hears of his son's intention to marry the harlot Moll. Outraged, he hires Trapdoor to spy on Moll, so he can cause her downfall.
Wengrave eavesdrops on Sebastian and Moll. Deciding his son cannot marry this woman, he decides to frame her. Using information Trapdoor has given him, Wengrave resolves to tempt Moll into stealing diamonds. By spying on her, Wengrave plots to catch her red-handed.
Sebastian himself has now warmed to Moll and her bold honourable spirit.
Avoiding the trap
Trapdoor has told Wengrave that Moll and his son will meet for a sordid get-together, so Wengrave spies on the two 'lovers'. But Moll avoids Wengrave's trap, proving herself not to be a thief or a whore.
Trapdoor, aware that Moll suspects him, has escaped and disguised himself as a wounded soldier. It is not long, however, before Moll seeks him out and unmasks him.
Moll explains that she was once close to a cutpurse, which is how she knows the tricks of the trade. This is where her troublesome reputation came from. She likes to use this crooked knowledge not for her own gain, but to protect innocent people from vagabonds and thieves.
Stop reading now if you don't want to know how the story ends ...
Revealing Sebastian's wife
Wengrave has heard of his son's marriage, and is distraught to think that new daughter-in-law might be Moll.
To Wengrave's relief, it is revealed that Sebastian actually eloped to marry Mary, his original fiancée. Moll's plan has worked and Sebastian now has his father's blessing over his marriage.
Wengrave admits his fault and vows never to judge a character based on scandal and rumour again, as he now sees both Moll and Mary as honourable women.
WOMEN WHO LIVED AS MEN
These women took risks, defied convention and flouted gender roles of their time in acts of tremendous bravery to achieve their goals, regardless of their gender. In dressing and living as men, these women succeeded in working as soldiers, surgeons, pirates and pimps, occupying a world previously forbidden to them.
Read their amazing stories:
Joan of Arc (1412 – 1431)
Joan of Arc or Jeanne d'Arc, aka the Maid of Orléans is a French national hero who was burned at the stake for 'heresy' aged 19. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan of Arc to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission after she said she received visions from god instruction her to support Charles VII. The siege ended after eight days, causing Joan of Arc to gain prominence. Charles VII was crowned following several further swift victories. In May 1430, she was captured by the English-allied Burgundian faction, put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais and burned at the stake for heresy. 25 years later Pop Callixtus III allowed an inquisitorial court to examine the trial, which found her innocent. Declared a martyr, she was beatified in 1909 and canonised in 1920.
Mary Frith (1584 – 1659)
Mary Frith was also known as Moll Cutpurse. An infamous fence and a pimp; Moll wore men's clothing, frequented tobacco shops and caroused in taverns. A notorious pickpocket, Moll wore a doublet and loose breeches, and is said to be the first woman in England to have smoked tobacco. A regular performer on stage at the Fortune Playhouse, Moll would sing obscene songs and play the lute. In 1600, Moll was arrested for stealing purses and, as a punishment, was burned on her hand four times. She was arrested on 25 December 1611 for being dressed 'indecently' and was charged with immodest behaviour.
Anne Bonny (1689 – 1782) and Mary Read (1708-1720)
Anne Bonny and Mary Read are two of the most famous female pirates of all time. They were the only two women known to have been convicted of piracy during the early 18th century, at the height of the golden age of piracy. Born out of wedlock to the widow of a sea captain, Mary Read's mother began to disguise her as a boy after the death of her older legitimate brother in an effort to hoodwink his paternal grandmother into providing financial support. The grandmother was convinced by her disguise, and Read and her mother lived on the inheritance into her teenage years. Continuing to dress in male attire, Read found work on a ship. She joined the British military and excelled in battle, later allying with Dutch forces against the French.
Mary Ann Talbot (1778 – 1808)
Mary Ann Talbot was an Englishwoman who became a sailor during the Napoleonic wars. Alleged to be one of Lord William Talbot's 16 illegitimate children, she became the mistress of Captain Essex Bowen at age 14, and was enlisted as his footboy under the name 'John Taylor' during a voyage to Santo Domingo. Talbot served as a drummer-boy in the Siege of Valenciennes, where Captain Bowen was killed. Talbot decided to continue working as a sailor, but later deserted and became a cabin boy for a French ship. She was wounded during a battle against the French fleet, when grapeshot almost severed her leg and never recovered full use of it. Talbot later spent 18 months in a Dunkirk dungeon after being captured by the French, and upon her return to London in 1796, she was seized by a press-gang and forced to reveal her gender.
James Barry (c1789 – 1865)
Assigned female at birth and named Margaret Ann Bulkley, James Barry was a military surgeon in the British Army. Born into a poor family, James chose to transition to live as a man in order to get into the University of Edinburgh Medical School to pursue a career as a surgeon. Said to have served in the Battle of Waterloo, Barry served in India and Cape Town, South Africa. His greatest achievements include being the first British surgeon to perform a caesarean section in Africa in which the mother and child survived. He improved conditions for wounded soldiers and native inhabitants alike, and is alleged to have fought several duels when anyone commented on his voice, appearance or professional integrity. He is also reputed to have had an argument with Florence Nightingale.
Charley Parkhurst (1812 – 1879)
Born Mary Parkhurst, Charley Parkhurst was an eminent American stage coach driver, who was assigned female at birth but lived as a man for most of his life. Nicknamed One-Eyed Charley and Six-Horse Charley, Parkhurst lost the use of one eye after a kick from a horse, and had reputation as one of the finest stage coach drivers in the West. Upon his death in 1879, neighbours came to lay out Parkhurst's body for burial, and noticed that his body looked surprisingly female. An examining doctor determined that Parkhurst had given birth, and a trunk in the house contained a baby's dress.
Rachilde (1860 – 1953)
Rachilde was the pseudonym of Marguerite Vallette-Eymery, a French female writer. Rachilde relinquished her real name and insisted on being referred to publically by her pen name, which carried neither male nor female associations. In addition to adopting an androgynous alias, Rachilde also applied for permission from the authorities in 1878 to dress as a man in public and also insisted upon calling herself 'a man of letters'. Contrary to what it may seem, Rachilde was not a feminist, and wrote an essay in 1928 entitiled 'why I'm not a feminist'.
Vesta Tilley (1864 – 1952)
Born in Worcester, Matilda Alice Powles was an English drag king. She performed her first role in male clothing at age six. At age 11, she adopted the stage name, Vesta Tilley, and later became the most famous and well-paid music hall male impersonator of her day. A star in Britain and the US for over 30 years, she preferred playing exclusively male roles, stating 'I felt that I could express myself better if I were dressed as a boy.' Vesta was successful from the outset, and by age 11 she was able to support her parents and siblings on her salary. With her plethora of military characters, Vesta was extremely well-liked by working class men and her popularity reached an all-time high during the First World War. Wildly popular amongst women, Vesta was considered a symbol of independence.
Dorothy Lawrence (1896 – 1964)
Dorothy Lawrence was a journalist who, at the age of 19, travelled to the front unaccompanied to make her name as a war correspondent. Rejected by every Fleet Street newspaper and the War Office due to her gender, Lawrence decided to travel to Paris as a tourist and then, with the assistance of several soldiers, she procured a military uniform along with forged document. Wearing a homemade corset, she hid her female form and used Condy's Fluid – a disinfectant made from potassium permanganate – to darken her complexion. Lawrence reached Albert on the Somme and joined a night patrol of Royal Engineers and worked to strengthen trenches. She was discovered after twelve nights, and was interrogated to ensure she was not a German spy before being held in a French convent. Forced to swear an affidavit promising to never reveal her circumvention of the military, she later breached this by publishing an account of her experience entitled Sapper Dorothy Lawrence: The Only English Woman Soldier, which turned out to be a post-First World War bestseller.
Billy Lee Tipton (1914 – 1989)
Born Dorothy Lucille Tipton, Billy Lee Tipton developed an interest in music from an early age, playing piano and saxophone. Adopting his father's nickname from an early age, he wore male attire during performances in order to be accepted in the jazz scene. He transitioned to live full-time as a man, touring with other musicians and eventually forming the Billy Tipton Trio. His sex wasn't revealed until his death, 50 years later, when his story was published by mass media.
FACTS ABOUT MOLL - MARY FRITH - THE ROARING GIRL
The Roaring Girl is a fictional dramatization of the life of Mary Frith, a 17th-century woman, who earned a living as a pickpocket and dressed in men's clothing.
1. Dubbed the 'Governess of London's underworld', Mary Frith was also known as Moll Cutpurse. Moll was a common name for a disreputable young woman. Cutpurse referred to Mary's reputation as a thief who cut purses to steal their contents.
2. Working as a fence and a pimp, Moll Cutpurse wore men's clothing and frequented taverns and tobacco shops. Said to be the first woman in England to smoke tobacco, Moll wore a doublet and loose breeches in public, and smoked a pipe. At the time, women who dressed as men were considered to be 'sexually riotous and uncontrolled'.
3. She performed regularly at the Fortune Playhouse, at a time when women performing in public defied convention. On stage, she bantered with the audience, played the lute and sang obscene songs.
4. Moll was arrested for stealing purses in 1600. According to records, Moll was burned on her hand four times - a common punishment for thieves.
5. She was arrested for being dressed 'indecently' and was accused of prostitution. On 25 December 1611, she was charged with immodest behaviour, and required to do a penance for 'evil living'.
6. Moll served as an arbitrator in disputes between thieves.
7. As a pimp, she procured young women for men and provided male prostitutes to female clients. She enlisted one 'bored wife' to be the mistress of a string of noblemen. On her death bed, the wife revealed to her husband and 12 children the identities of their respective fathers. The disgruntled husband complained to Moll, who bribed the fathers to support their children.
8. Moll lived in a house full of mirrors on Fleet Street with three maids. Upon her death, Moll left significant amounts of money to her three female servants.
9. She kept parrots, bred mastiffs and rode a dancing horse.
10. Moll was declared 'cured of insanity'by Bethlem Hospital in London in 1644, probably following a brutal procedure. These 'cures' often consisted of forms of mutilation to the skull, usually causing brain damage.
11. A staunch supporter of King Charles I, Moll plotted to embezzle money from Oliver Cromwell's government.
12. Moll contracted dropsy in later life, which began with the swelling of her stomach. She considered this a punishment for her rejection of the conventional maternal role. She died in 1659, aged 74.