Man on stage dressed in a suit leaning on his walking stick, wearing glasses and pointing

The Merchant of Venice

William Shakespeare

The Merchant of Venice written between 1596 and 1598 is Shakespeare's comedy centred around love, money, prejudice and social injustice.


Antonio, the Merchant of Venice, lends three thousand ducats to his friend Bassanio in order to assist him in his wooing of the wealthy and beautiful Portia of Belmont, an estate some distance from Venice.

Antonio's own money is tied up in business ventures that depend on the safe return of his ships from sea, so he borrows the money from Shylock, a Jewish moneylender whom he has previously insulted for his high rates of interest.

Shylock lends the money against a bond. Failure to repay the loan on the agreed date will entitle Shylock to a pound of Antonio's flesh.

Portia's suitors

Portia's father has decreed that she will marry whichever suitor makes the correct choice when presented with three caskets, made of gold, silver and lead.

Where wealthy suitors from Morocco and Aragon fail, Bassanio succeeds by choosing lead. His friend Gratiano marries Portia's lady-in-waiting Nerissa at the same time.

News arrives that Antonio's ships have been lost; he is unable to pay his debt.

A trial

Shylock's claim to his pound of flesh is heard in the law court before the duke.

Unknown to their husbands, Portia disguises herself as a young male lawyer acting on behalf of Antonio, Nerissa as a clerk.

Portia argues that Shylock is entitled to his pound of flesh but not to spill any of Antonio's blood.

She also says that the Jew should forfeit his life for having conspired against the life of a Venetian.

Don't read any more if you don't want to know the ending!

The duke pardons Shylock on condition that he gives half his wealth to Antonio and half to the state.

Antonio surrenders his claim on condition that Shylock converts to Christianity and leaves his property to his daughter Jessica, whom he has disinherited for running away with her Christian lover, Lorenzo.

Portia and Nerissa then assert their power over Bassanio and Gratiano through a trick involving rings that the men have promised never to part with.

Finally there is good news about Antonio's ships.